Nothing could be further from the truth.
The word philosophy is derived from the Greek words "philo" meaning love and "sophia" meaning wisdom. Therefore, it is the love of wisdom and the seeking of knowledge. It is also the desire to examine the nature of the universe, man, and the human condition. What could be more relevant?
How does philosophy contribute to personal development?
Studying philosophy and the works of some of the greatest thinkers in the history of the world is invaluable in helping us determine who we are and what we are doing here. Contemplating what the great philosophers have found to be meaningful and worthy assists us in establishing our own views on life, our purpose, and our values.
William Ralph Inge said: "The object of studying philosophy is to know one's own mind, not other people's".
More than just a pursuit of knowledge, philosophy is also an activity; one that teaches us to analyze, assess and reason. It is an instrument for acquiring and honing critical thinking and problem solving skills. Anyone pursuing a career in law is required to take courses in philosophy for the purposes of cultivating logical and methodical thinking.
If it were not for philosophy and logic, knowledge about ourselves and the world we live in would be very limited.
Up to this point, I have featured some of the most important and infulential philosophers from different periods of Western history and their contributions to Western thought. During the next few sessions, I will feature the philosophy of some of the great Eastern thinkers. Please continue to enjoy the various viewpoints and allow them to expand your thinking.
Confucius, also known as Kong Qui, was a thinker, politician and philosopher born into a royal family of the Chou Dynasty (some accounts dispute his royal birth) circa 551 BC in Qufu, Shandong Province, China.
During his era, Confucius was a contemporary of the famous Greeks including the poet Pindar, the tragedian Aeschylus, and the philosopher Heraclitus. As a scholar, minister of state and philosopher, his accomplishments and contributions were no less impressive.
As it happens, Confucius lived during turbulent ideological crises in China during which traditional Chinese principles were deteriorating and moral decline was transpiring. It was this state of affairs that most likely propelled Confucius' humanistic sensibilities and advanced his social conscience. As a consequence, he felt a moral and ethical obligation to reawaken the values of compassion and tradition in his fellow citizens.
Confucius philosophy was constructed on the principle of "ren", or "loving others," combined with the Golden, or Silver Rule; "What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others." He also advocated the concepts of self-discipline, humility, compassion and positive example.
His moral teachings emphasized the attainment of self-development, principled character and skilled judgment. Regarding self-development, Confucius advocated sincerity, the cultivation of knowledge, and virtuous action towards others.
For Confucius, virtuous action begins with sincere thought, which begins with knowledge, for virtuous temperament without knowledge is subject to corruption and virtuous action without sincerity is not true righteousness. Cultivating knowledge and sincerity is also important in and of itself. The superior person loves learning for the sake of learning, and likewise, loves righteousness for the sake of righteousness.
Confucius’ philosophy of education comprised of the "Six Arts," including: archery, calligraphy, computation, music, chariot-driving and ritual. To Confucius, the purpose of being an educator was to teach people to live with integrity and through his teachings he endeavored to restore the Chinese traditional values of benevolence, modesty and societal ritual.
In these ancient times when only the aristocratic were entitled to education, Confucius believed that everyone deserved to be educated regardless of social status. All that was necessary included an eagerness to learn, cultivating good values, and finding a good teacher whose actions and words one could emulate.
By extending his lessons to all levels of society, high or low, Confucius broadened access to education and thereby accelerated the development of general education which, in turn, contributed to political reform and the dissemination of culture.
Also, through his philosophy on education, Confucius aimed to bring about social reform, whereby society could live in a state of harmony through moral values.
On his death, Confucius believed that his teachings had not significantly impacted Chinese culture, however, his philosophy is still prevalent in modern Chinese society and his wise words continue to be quoted to this day.
His teachings were later compiled into elaborate practices and sets of rules by his disciples and followers, who consequently organized them into the Analects (his collection of literary/philosophical works) .
emphasized the importance of strong family values, loyalty and
respecting elders as tenets for a stable society. Moreover, it was
Confucius who introduced the concepts of benevolence (jen),
ritual (li) and proprietary (yi), as well as the Golden Rule.
Undoubtedly, Confucius philosophy is still important and prevalent in modern Chinese society.